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Burullus Wetland, Egypt
Geographic location:econd largest lake. Known by its unique ecosystem and its valuable biodiversity (i.ehost 197 species, with the highest number of species on the lake islands (89 species) some of which are rare species. A total of (87 species) occur on the banks of the drainage channels while the lake and the channels had the lowest number of species at 16 and 14 respectively (Shaltout and Al-Sodany, 2008), beside being an important resting area for migratory birds and important wintering, staging and breeding habitat. It has been identified under the Ramsar convention as being of international importance as it is a habitat for migratory birds in May 1998 under law 102/1983 for protected areas.

The surface area 350 km2, the length of the lake is about 65 Km and the width ranges between 6 to 16 km, It is a relatively shallow lake as its maximum depth is 2.07 m, almost everywhere the depth of water is less than one meter. This depth slightly increases westward. Because of such shallow depth the fishermen can easily work out of their boats walking in the water 



Geographic location:
  • Lake Burullus occupies a central position among the north delta lakes of Egypt. It locates between Rosetta branch of the Nile delta in the west and Damiatta branch at the east. (Coordinates 31°22´ –31°36´ N, 31° 07´ - 30° 33´ E) as shown in figure (1)
  • It is located in the Nile Delta, and occupies a central position along the Mediterranean coast of the Nile, in the Kafr El Sheikh Governorate one of the largest governorates in Nile Delta.
  • The lake is located within five districts from east to west are Baltim, El Hamoul, El Riad, Sidi Salem and Metobe



Ecosystem services current status

High human population inhabits the lake shores. People earn their livings through exploiting the fishery resources which is the leading activity in the lake and agriculture which comes in the second most important economic activity. There are two main concentrations of villages at the lake, one at the south east and the other at the north east the main services are as follow:
  • Kafr el sheikh is mainly agricultural governorate and the agricultural cultivated area forms about 62 % of its total area depending on the lake (it produces rice, wheat, cotton, maize, suger beet and potatos) the Delta sugar beet factory in El Hamoul is the biggest that extracts suger from its sugar beet.   
  • Touristic activities as Kafr El Sheikh has six historical sites as the prehistoric city known as Tal Elpharaeen, and also some Islamic sites still to be excavated from beneath the sand dunes beside the recreation sea resorts.
     
  • some recreation areas as Baltim and Lakeburullus has total of 164 hotel rooms in the governorates.
     
  • LakeBurullus has the most productive mullet fishery of the Delta lakes the main marinespecies are (tilapia, shrimp, crap, mullet, catfish).
     
  • Reed beds of the lake burullus represent one of the most important reedbeds in the Mediterranean region (EEAA publication of national biodiversity unit no. 13 2005).
     
  • Villagers inside the protected area breed buffaloes, cows, sheep and goats but the income of livestock seems to be relatively law.
     
  • Ecotourism attraction for international wintering and migrant birds watching that is strongly dependent on this habitat for foraging, refuge and breeding.
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The project is funded by and is part of
WLE Nile and East Africa
Regional programme.